2010年山东省专升本统考《英语》真题及答案

2010年山东省普通高等教育专升本统一考试

(考试时间:120分钟)

英语真题试卷一

  第一部分:听力理解共20题,每题1分。

  (Part I Listening Comprehension)(1x20)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section , you will hear 8 short conservations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must red the four choices marked A,B,C, and D, and decided which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

  Short conservations.

  1. A. In a hotel. B. In a library. C. In a bank. D. In a restaurant.

  2. A. The loss of some TV equipment. B. The delay in the delivery of certain goods.

  C. The improper functioning of the audit department. D. The mistake made in the Atlantic Company’s order.

  3. A. 215 B. 250 C. 430 D. 500

  4. A. At a travel agency. B. At a sporting goods store.

  C. At a gymnasium. D. At a body building center.

  5. A. 5 kilometers. B. 10 kilometers C. 15 kilometers. D. 20 kilometers.

  6. A. She agrees with the man. B. The man missed the last study session.

  C. She didn’t understand the last chemistry class. D. The man should be more serious about his studies.

  7. A. He has just recovered from the flu. B. He won’t be able to go to the play.

  C. He heard that the play isn’t very good. D. She already has had supper.

  Long conservations

  Questions 9 to 12 are based on the first conversation.

  9. A. Two sports fans. B. Two old friends.

  C. Customers and shop assistant. D. Foreign tourist and his local guide.

  10. A. He plays ball games only. B. He goes to places where major sports games are held.

  C. He never plays any sports. D. He talks a lot about sports and watches sports games on TV at home.

  11. A. He has never missed watching any important tennis games.

  B. He has never missed watching any tennis games held at Wimbledon.

  C. He goes to Wimbledon every year when the international tennis championships are held.

  D. He isn’t really interested in the sport and has never learned to play it.

  12. A. The man doesn’t seem to play any sports.

  B. The man used to be an active sports player when he was young.

  C. The woman has no interest in playing sports.

  D. The woman is quite angry with the man for wasting so much of her time.

  Question 13 to 14 are based on the second conversation.

  13. A. She is shy when speaking in front of people.

  B. She forgot to prepare the class.

  C. She made a serious mistake in front of people.

  D. She forgot to give a presentation.

  14. A. He looks like children. B. He feels very nervous when somebody is waiting for him.

  C. He likes history very much. D. He blushes frequently.

  15. A. A common habit. B. A common behavior.

  C. A learned behavior. D. A learned habit.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you’ll hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  Hello! I am a 20-years-old college student looking to find two 16 to share a new 3-bedroom plus 2-bath apartment. Twenty-something college students 17 . Looking for 18 , clean, outgoing and respectful individuals. The apartment is new, close to the north entrance of the school, and within walking 19 to the subway station. Equipped with private bedroom, closet, telephone, high-speed Internet, parking yard, $ 20 per month utilities not included.

  第二部分:词语用法和语法结构,共30题,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。

  Part II Vocabulary and structure(0.5x30)

  Directions: There are thirty incomplete sentences below. For each one there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the sentence.

  Then marked the corresponding letter on the answer Sheet.

  21. Last year the advertising rate by 20 percent.

  A. raised B. aroused C. arose D. rose

  22. When he arrived, he found the aged and the sick at home.

  A. nothing but B. none but C. none other D. no other than

  23. The student was just about to the question, when suddenly he found the answer.

  A. arrive at B. give up C. submit to D. work out

  24. We are all for your proposal that the discussion .

  A. be put off B. was put off C. should put off D. is to put off

  25. The first, second, and third prizes went to Jack, Tom, and Harry .

  A. equally B. differentl C. similarly D. respectively

  26. He had never given a speech to so many people, so he felt .

  A. excited B. stupid C. disappointed D. nervous

  27. Success in the lab doesn’t always mean immediate success on a large .

  A. business B. account C. way D. scale

  28. Mr. Smith said that he did not want to any further responsibilities.

  A. get on B. look up C. put up D. take on

  29. It is impossible to with a person whose methods are completely opposed to your own.

  A. cooperate B. correspond C. compete D. compare

  30. It was the training that he had as a young man made him such a good engineer.

  A. has B. later C. which D. that

  31. When the interval came, everyone the bar.

  A. made out B. made into C. made for D. made up

  32. The wide use of computers is a of the Information age.

  A. urgent B. characteristic C. remarkable D. feature

  33. If either of you had been able to your anger, the fight would have been avoided.

  A. hold up B. hold out C. hold back D. hold onto

  34. By lip reading or watching the movements of the speaker’s lips , a deaf person can actually see the person at the other telephone is saying.

  A. that B. how C. what D. where

  35. The story of the homeless orphan has sympathy from the public.

  A. aroused B. attracted C. defended D. adopted

  36. She will tell us why she feels so strongly that each of us has a role in making the earth a better place to live on.

  A. to have played B. to play C. to be played D. to be playing

  37. The place the bridge is supposed to be built should be the cross-river traffic is the heaviest.

  A. which; where B. at which ; which C. at which ; where D. which ; in which

  38. The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, the quality of life is probably one of the highest.

  A. since B. when C. as D. while

  39. Thank you for all your hard work. T don’t think we it without you.

  A. can manage B. could have managed C. could manage D. can have managed

  40. According to the air traffic rules, you switch off your mobile phone before boarding.

  A. may B. can C. would D. should

  41. Had he worked harder, he the exams.

  A. must have got through B. would have got through

  C. would get through D. could get through

  42. The reason why he didn’t come to school was ill.

  A. due to B. that he fell C. because he fell D. because of falling

  43. I can’t find my purse anywhere. You have lost it while shopping.

  A. may B. can C. should D. would

  44. We should learn from those are always ready to help others.

  A. who B. whom C. they D. that

  45. Mr. Herpin is one of the foreign experts who in China.

  A. works B. is working C. are working D. has been working

  46. Tom is the only one of the students who to Shanghai.

  A. have gone B. have been C. has been D. had gone

  47. I, your good friend, will try my best to help you out.

  A. who is B. who am C. that is D. which am

  48. The old man has two sons, are lawyers.

  A. both of them B. both of who C. both of whom D. both of they

  49. He is a man of great knowledge, much can be learned.

  A. in whom B. about whom C. from whom D. of whom

  50. Do you know the man just now?

  A. to who I nodded B. I nodded to C. whom I nodded D. Whom I nodded to him

Passage One

  There is so much more meaning to a message than what exists in the spoken or written words. For example, if a person says, “you know, Barbara, I really like you,” it has different meanings depending on whether it is said by man or a woman, in an office or a bar. Context, the tone of voice, the stress put on certain words, as well as the eye contact, physical distance, and the relationship between the speaker and the listener are all factors which give meaning to what’s being said. Sometimes, these factors can generate much more meaning than the words themselves. If a friend say to me, “Gee, I can’t wait to see the result of the upcoming election,” my interpretation of that message will be based upon my knowledge of my friend’s political views, the situation with the current campaign, and my ability to understand the meaning behind the tone of voice.

  Our ability to understand such cue is developed without us being aware of it through our process of socialization, Our interpretation of these cues just comes naturally. Every culture has its own set of culture cues that each member of that culture understands. It’s common how a person from culture A and a person from culture B interpret the very same words in totally different ways. Here are some examples:

  When ”Sarcasm” Means “Sincerity”

  Marsha thought things were going well with her new French friends, particularly Bertrand. He often invited her to interesting and fun events, but he was often making fun of her. One day at an art exhibition, while looking at a particularly abstract piece, Marsha said that she couldn’t understand what the artist was trying to express. Bertrand smiled and responded, “Yes, I’m afraid French art is far too advanced for Americans to understand.” Marsha was upset; she really liked him and couldn’t figure out what caused him to frequently make fun of her. So, she asked her host mother about it. “My dear,” the host mother told her, “This means that he really likes you. In France, when someone feels comfortable enough to make fun of you, that mean that you have been welcomes as a very close friends.”

  Joshua, an American student in Heredia, Costa Rican partner to meet for coffee. When he asked what time they should meet, the response was “Nos encontramos ahora en elparquet”. “Ahora” literally means now. So, he grabbed his jacket and headed straight to the park where they agreed to meet. Half an hour later, his friend arrived without the least sigh of regret for being late. After discussing the matter with his Spanish teacher, Joshua learned that in Costa Rica, ”Ahora” means sometime within the hour. And, if people decide to meet someplace like park, it is no problem for one or the other to wait for a while because they will spend some nice time in the park, probably running into some other friends, or meeting someone friendly.

  When “Yes” Doesn’t Means “Yes”

  Many business people might have experienced this frustrating situation in Japan. Sarah, a young businesswoman from New York, was sent to Japan to close a big deal for her company. While giving her presentation, she became more and more certain of sale because her Japanese business partners continually nodded their heads as she spoke. When she finished, she thought the deal was made and asked when they would like to sign the agreement. She was shocked when she was told that they were not yet sure if they wanted to make the deal or not. What Sarah did not know is that in Japan, nodding head does not necessarily mean “yes” as it does in the US. It can also mean “yes, I am listening and understanding what you are saying.”

  These stories provide just a few examples of how language skills are simply not enough to achieve effective communication in another culture. To get the most of your international learning experience, focus on gaining cross-cultural skills will enable you do the following:

  `understand how culture affects communication;

  `deal with behavior that seems to you strange or offensive;

  `learn from your cultural adaptation process;

  `communicate more effectively.

  These skills will also help you when you learn a new language. After all, language is s reflection of the culture from which it developed.

  51. This passage tells us that .

  A. sometimes, all the meaning of a message is revealed from the tone of voice.

  B. language skills can convey more meaning than you can understand.

  C. language skills alone are not enough for cross-cultural communication.

  D. meaning of a message only exist in the spoken or written words.

  52. According to the passage, all the following statements are not true except .

  A. We are born with the ability to understand the cultural cues.

  B. Marsha’s French friend, Bertrand, didn’t like her and often laughed at her ignorance of the French atr.

  C. Joshua learned that in Costa Rica, people are usually late for their appointments and won’t feel sorry for that.

  D. Nodding in Japan is understood in quite a different way from that in America.

  53. The stories told in the passage show that language skills are not enough for people to communicate effectively in .

  A. the same culture. B. another culture. C. family members. D. in the same situation.

  54. will also be helpful when we learn a new language.

  A. Cross-cultural skills B. Spoken language C. Behavior study D. Communicating

Passage Two

  The automobile has given people incredible freedom of movement. It enables them to decide where they want to go and when. The automobile influences where people live and work and how they spend their leisure time. The striking changes in people’s lives created by the automobile began in the United States and have since spread across much of the globe, especially in developed countries. But even in developing nations, the automobile is increasingly reshaping patterns of living.

  When the first automobiles were produced, only the well-to-do could afford them. Soon, however, prices declined as production increased in response to the growing demand. The lower prices put the automobile within reach of more and more Americans. Well-off urban residents found car ownership cheaper than keeping a horse and carriage. The growth in car ownership led to the building of more and better roads, which further increased travel throughout the nation. Before the development of automobiles, urban workers walked, bicycled, or rode horse-drawn vehicles to their jobs. But as roads improved and car ownership expanded, workers no longer had to live near their jobs.

  During the 1920s, people in U.S. cities increasingly moved to the suburbs because of the freedom provided to the workers by automobile ownership. By the mid-1950s, even factories had begun to relocate in the suburbs. Wherever people have easy access to automobiles, cars play a major role in social life and the choice of recreational activities. People find it fun to hop in the car and visit friends and relatives, whether the drive takes a few minutes, hours, or days. The automobile helps make it easy to organize picnics, family reunions, and other get-togethers. Trips by automobile to such places as theme parks, national parks, and mountain and seashore resorts are a favorite type of vacation for many people.

  55. Which of the following is NOT a change brought by the automobile?

  A. The freedom to go anywhere in the world.

  B. The changed way of entertaining ourselves in life.

  C. The growth of more and better roads.

  D. The disregard of the existence of national borders.

  56. What does the word “well-to-do” (Line 1, Para.2) mean ?

  A. Excellent. B. Well done. C. Rich. D. Better.

  57. Which of the following is NOT a change directly created by automobiles?

  A. More theme parks and national parks were set up.

  B. More city residents moved to suburban areas.

  C. More and better roads were built.

  D. People have family reunions more frequently.

  58. What is the author’s attitude toward automobiles?

  A. Negative. B. Positive. C. Neutral. D. Indifferent.

Passage Three

  To become a success in high tech Silicon Valley, Alan Aerts used low tech skills and hard work. He carried boxes of produce for a grocery store and sold bread to restaurants while launching a vending machine business that sells soft drinks and snack foods to workaholic computer engineers.

  In 190, on his route as a bread salesman for a bakery, Aerts ran into the owner of a Pac Man game control panel who was servicing his equipment at a restaurant in Oakland, California. Aerts, who always wore a shirt and tie on sales calls, was impressed by the other fellow’s jeans and T shirt and resolved to branch out on his own.

  But capitalism requires capital, and Aerts had little money to spare. Living paycheck to paycheck with his wife and newborn son, he worked days at the bakery and nights at a grocery store to pay the mortgage. During downtime between jobs, he developed his business strategy. ”I’m sure I did every wrong thing you can possibly do,” says Aerts. “But I knew that with enough hard work, it would all make sense.”

  To get his business off the ground, he relied on a second mortgage and credit cards, sometimes paying rates as high as 19%, to buy video game and vending machines. After purchasing several machines at retail price, he realized he could buy them directly from the manufacturers for less. And he learned that vending machines were more profitable than video games, which needed to be replaced frequently to keep up with the fickle tastes of gamers. Aerts used the contacts he made through his bakery job to prospect for new business. To hedge his bets, he put in ten years at the grocery store to earn a modest pension.

  Today, Aerts’s company, Custom Vending Systems, is the largest privately owned vendor in the region. He says business is booming as the Valley’s economy blossoms after its 2000 bust. In 2005, Aerts and his wife donated $ 2.5 million to fund scholarships at the local community college. He’s still busy around the clock, but now he dedicates evenings and weekends to charity work and local politics instead of a second job.

  59.Alan Aerts achieved success in Silicon Valley mainly by .

  A. starting a vending machine business B. the traditional approach and hard work

  C. selling soft drinks and snack foods D. selling game control panels

  60. What is the possible reason for Mr. Aerts decision to branch out his own business .

  A. He and his wife had been living a paycheck to paycheck life.

  B. He wants to offer his son a better life when he grows up.

  C. He wants to achieve financial freedom for his family.

  D. He was sure that it was the right time to start his own business.

  61. “Capitalism requires capital” (Line 1, Para.3) can be interpreted as .

  A. capitalism is involved around capital B. capital is essential for starting business

  C. capitalism is a word derived from capital D. capitalism needs the support of capital

  62. By saying that “it would all make sense with enough hard work”, Mr. Aerts means .

  A. it is important to understand the meaning of hard work

  B. you will be rewarded if you work enough hard

  C. you will understand hard work if you work hard enough

  D. it is meaningless to exert hard efforts into your business

  第二节:英语理解,把意义相同的英汉语句匹配到一起。

  Part 1

63.科学家们已经作了无数试验,表明在改进人的行为方面,表扬比批评有效得多。

64.我不知道该给我的女儿买什么礼物。

你有什么建议吗?

65.我一定向他转达您的问候和邀请。

66.谢谢你的礼物,这正式我想要的。

 

A. I’ll surely remember you and your invitation to him.

B. Scientists have done countless experiments to show that praise is far more effective than criticism in improving human behaviour.

C. I have no idea what to buy for my daughter. Do you have any suggestions?

D. Thank you for the present. It’s just what I wanted.

  Part 2

67.老让我等你,真是烦透了。

68.是他指出了我的缺点并鼓励我加以改正。

69.我有急事,能把她电话给我吗?

70.他们似乎不太可能信守诺言。

 

A. It’s urgent. Could I have her cell phone number?

B. It is he who has pointed out my shortcomings and encouraged me to get rid of them.

C. It didn’t seem likely that they would ever keep their promise.

D. I am sick of always waiting for you !


英语真题试卷二

  第一部分:听力

  16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

  第四部分:翻译(Part IV Translation), 共10题,考试时间为20分钟。

  A节(section A)英译汉,5题,要求将阅读理解材料中5个划线句子译成汉语。

  71. Sometimes, these factors can generate much more meaning than the words themselves.

  72. After all, language is s reflection of the culture from which it developed.

  73. The automobile influences where people live and work and how they spend their leisure time.

  74. During the 1920s, people in U.S. cities increasingly moved to the suburbs because of the freedom provided to the workers by auto mobile ownership.

  75. He’s still busy around the clock, but now he dedicates evenings and weekends to charity work and loval politics instead of second job.

  B节(Section B)汉译英,5题, 要求将下列5个句子译成英语。

  76. 要申请这份工作,你应该先填写这个表格。

  77. 他有礼貌的说:“我开窗户您介意吗?”

  78. 我们的英语老师经常做一些教育研究。

  79. 这是小王的私人信件,在未获得它的允许的情况下你无权翻阅。

  80. 尽管我和玛丽具体有不同的国籍,我们对音乐却有着共同的爱好。

第五部分:写作 Part V Composition, 考试时间为30分钟。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay in honor of teachers on the occasion of Teacher’s Day. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

  1. 想老师致以节日祝贺

  2. 从一件难忘的事回忆老师的教诲和无私的奉献

  3. 我如何回报老师的关爱